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SCORR: Supercritical CO2 Resist Remover

SCORR before and after image

Fabricating integrated circuits relies heavily on photolithography to define the shape and pattern of individual components. During this process, a photoreactive polymer--a photoresist--is applied to the surface of a semiconductor wafer and cured through light exposure. Once a wafer's topography has been completed, the hardened resist must be removed.

Using a SCORR-based instrument, the semiconductor industry can remove photoresists, residues, and particles from the smallest feasures in integrated circuits. A wafer's via cross-section before SCORR cleaning is rough and jagged (left), whereas after SCORR cleaning the via cross-section is smooth and free of minute particles (right). Because of its advanced cleaning process, SCORR is compatible with the latest low-k materials and smaller (<0.18 micrometer) dimensions necessary to advance the industry in the future.


Short for supercritical CO2 resist remover, SCORR is a new technology that could revolutionize photolithography processes in industry. SCORR is based upon the physical properties of supercritical fluids (SFCs). These special properties enable SCFs to remove coatings, residues, and particles from very small features in integrated circuits (ICs), which are used in applications that range from cellular phones and electronic equipment to computers and household appliances. SCORR also eliminates rinsing and drying steps presently used in IC manufacture, thereby eliminating the generation of millions of gallons of water per fab per day.


  • SCORR applies to any manufacturing process that requires photoresist removal. For example, SCORR
  • Removes photoresists, residues, and particulates from ICs;
  • Removes photoresists from flat-panel displays, thus increasing reliability while decreasing pixel size;
  • Increases information density in optical storage media (for example, CDs, DVDs, and CD-ROMs); and
  • Eliminates stiction (surface adherence) in MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems).


  • Provides a unique cleaning process compatible with the latest low-k materials and smaller dimensions necessary to advance the industry in the future.
  • Removes photoresists, post-ash, -etch, and -CMP (chemical-mechanical polishing particulates) residues from metallized, nonmetallized, and ion-implanted semiconductor wafers.
  • Costs much less than existing photoresist-stripping solvent systems
  • Strips resists in roughly half the time required by current technologies by eliminating both rinse and dry steps.
  • Reduces or eliminates the use of water as a final rinse step of the removal process.
  • Reduces or eliminates the use of inorganic acids, organic photoresist strippers, and associated organic solvents presently used to dry wafers.


R&D 100 graphic

2001 Award Winner


  • Enabling technology compatible with tomorrow's smaller integrated circuit features (<0.18 micron) and new low-k dielectrics
  • Removes photoresists and residue from semiconductor wafers
  • Reduces the use of toxic chemicals and the amount of hazardous waste


You can find out more about SCORR and other supercritical CO2 technologies at at C-ACT's web site.


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